Settler Colonialism in the Twentieth Century by
Publication Date: 2005-08-30
Postcolonial states and metropolitan societies still grapple today with the divisive and difficult legacies unleashed by settler colonialism. Whether they were settled for trade or geopolitical reasons, these settler communities had in common their shaping of landholding, laws, and race relations in colonies throughout the world. By looking at the detail of settlements in the twentieth century--from European colonial projects in Africa and expansionist efforts by the Japanese in Korea and Manchuria, to the Germans in Poland and the historical trajectories of Israel/Palestine and South Africa--and analyzing the dynamics set in motion by these settlers, the contributors to this volume establish points of comparison to offer a new framework for understanding the character and fate of twentieth-century empires.
Publication Date: 2013-11-01
During the 1920s and 1930s, Josephine Waggoner (1871–1943), a Lakota woman who had been educated at Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Virginia, grew increasingly concerned that the history and culture of her people were being lost as elders died without passing along their knowledge. A skilled writer, Waggoner set out to record the lifeways of her people and correct much of the misinformation about them spread by white writers, journalists, and scholars of the day. To accomplish this task, she traveled to several Lakota and Dakota reservations to interview chiefs, elders, traditional tribal historians, and other tribal members, including women. Published for the first time and augmented by extensive annotations, Witness offers a rare participant’s perspective on nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Lakota and Dakota life. The first of Waggoner’s two manuscripts presented here includes extraordinary firsthand and as-told-to historical stories by tribal members, such as accounts of life in the Powder River camps and at the agencies in the 1870s, the experiences of a mixed-blood H#65533;ŋkpapȟa girl at the first off-reservation boarding school, and descriptions of traditional beliefs. The second manuscript consists of Waggoner’s sixty biographies of Lakota and Dakota chiefs and headmen based on eyewitness accounts and interviews with the men themselves. Together these singular manuscripts provide new and extensive information on the history, culture, and experiences of the Lakota and Dakota peoples.
Sovereignty Matters by
Publication Date: 2006-01-01
Sovereignty Matters investigates the multiple perspectives that exist within indigenous communities regarding the significance of sovereignty as a category of intellectual, political, and cultural work. Much scholarship to date has treated sovereignty in geographical and political matters solely in terms of relationships between indigenous groups and their colonial states or with a bias toward American contexts. This groundbreaking anthology of essays by indigenous peoples from the Americas and the Pacific offers multiple perspectives on the significance of sovereignty. The noted Mohawk scholar Taiaiake Alfred provides a landmark essay on the philosophical foundations of sovereignty and the need for the decolonization of indigenous thinking about governance. Other essays explore the role of sovereignty in fueling cultural memory, theories of history and change, spiritual connections to the land, language revitalization, and repatriation efforts. These topics are examined in varied yet related contexts of indigenous struggles for self-determination, including those of the Chamorro of Guam, the Ta#65533;no of Puerto Rico, the Quechua of the Andes, the M#65533;ori of New Zealand (Aotearoa), the Samoan Islanders, and the Kanaka Maoli and the Makah of the United States. Several essays also consider the politics of identity and identification. Sovereignty Matters emphasizes the relatedness of indigenous peoples' experiences of genocide, dispossession, and assimilation as well as the multiplicity of indigenous political and cultural agendas and perspectives regarding sovereignty.
Violence over the Land by
Publication Date: 2006-11-30
In this ambitious text that ranges across Utah, Nevada, New Mexico, Colorado and eastern California, Ned Blackhawk places native peoples squarely at the centre of a dynamic and complex story as he chronicles two centuries of Indian and imperial history that profoundly shaped the American West.
Reclaiming Indigenous Voice and Vision by
Publication Date: 2000-02-01
The essays in Reclaiming Indigenous Voice and Vision springfrom an International Summer Institute held in 1996 on the culturalrestoration of oppressed Indigenous peoples. The contributors,primarily Indigenous, unravel the processes of colonization thatenfolded modern society and resulted in the oppression of Indigenouspeoples.
Dammed Indians by
Publication Date: 1982-06-01
Dammed Indians: The Pick-Sloan Plan and the Missouri River Sioux, 1944-1980 (University of Oklahoma Press, 1982, 1994), provided the factual basis for Congressional legislation establishing tribal recovery trust funds totaling $385.8 million for five Sioux tribes in compensation for reservation infrastructure lost to Federal dam projects.
Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples in the United States by
Publication Date: 2014-04-05
With a long history and deep connection to the Earth's resources, indigenous peoples have an intimate understanding and ability to observe the impacts linked to climate change. Traditional ecological knowledge and tribal experience play a key role in developing future scientific solutions for adaptation to the impacts. The book explores climate-related issues for indigenous communities in the United States, including loss of traditional knowledge, forests and ecosystems, food security and traditional foods, as well as water, Arctic sea ice loss, permafrost thaw and relocation. The book also highlights how tribal communities and programs are responding to the changing environments. Fifty authors from tribal communities, academia, government agencies and NGOs contributed to the book. Previously published in Climatic Change, Volume 120, Issue 3, 2013.
Invasion of Indian Country in the 20th Century by
Publication Date: 1998-09-01
The struggle between Indians and whites for land did not end on the battlefields in the 1800s. When this hostile era closed with Native Americans forced onto reservations, no one expected that rich natural resources lay beneath these lands that white America would desperately desire. Yet oil, timber, fish, coal, water, and other resources were discovered to be in great demand in the mainstream market, and a new war began with Indian tribes and their leaders trying to protect their tribal natural resources throughout the twentieth century. In The Invasion of Indian Country in the 20th Century, Donald Fixico details the course of this struggle, providing a wealth of information on the resources possessed by individual tribes and the way in which they were systematically defrauded and stripped of these resources. Fixico contends that federal policies originally devised to protect Indian interests ironically worked against the Indian nations as the tribes employed new tactics with the Council ofEnergy Resources Tribes, using the law in courts and applying aggressive business leadership to combat the capitalist invasion by mainstream America. Fixico's analysis of this war being waged throughout the century and today serves as an indispensible reference tool for anyone interested in Native American history and current government policy with regard to Indian lands.
Indigenous Rights in the Age of the un Declaration by
Publication Date: 2012-05-24
This examination of the role played by the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) in advancing indigenous peoples' self-determination comes at a time when the quintessential Eurocentric nature of international law has been significantly challenged by the increasing participation of indigenous peoples on the international legal scene. Even though the language of human rights discourse has historically contributed to delegitimise indigenous peoples' rights to their lands and cultures, this same language is now upheld by indigenous peoples in their ongoing struggles against the assimilation and eradication of their cultures. By demanding that the human rights and freedoms contained in various UN human rights instruments be now extended to indigenous peoples and communities, indigenous peoples are playing a key role in making international law more 'humanising' and less subject to State priorities.
Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society
Tuck, Eve (Aleut) and K. Wayne Yang. 2012. “Decolonization is Not a Metaphor.”
Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education, Society 1(1): 1-40.
New York Times: Remember the Sand Creek Massacre
Blackhawk, Ned (Western Shoshone). 2014. “Remember the Sand Creek Massacre.” New
York Times, November 27, 2014.
'Just and lawful war' as genocidal war in the (United States) Northwest Ordinance and Northwest Territory, 1787-1832
Ostler, Jeffrey. 2016. “‘Just and Lawful War’” as Genocidal War in the (United States)
Northwest Ordinance and Northwest Territory, 1787–1832.” Journal of Genocide
Research 18(1): 1-20.
By Eminent Domain or Some Other Name: A Tribal Perspective on Taking Land
Leeds, Stacy L (Cherokee). 2005. “By Eminent Domain or Some Other Name: A Tribal
Perspective on Taking Land.” Tulsa Law Review 41(1): 51-77
For Our Nations to Live, Capitalism Must Die
Coulthard, Glen (Yellowknives Dene). 2013. “For Our Nations to Live, Capitalism Must
Die.” Unsettling America: Decolonizing Theory and Practice, November 5, 2013.
Standing Rock Syllabus
This syllabus can be a tool to access research usually kept behind paywalls, or a resource package for those unfamiliar with Indigenous histories and politics. Share, add, and discuss using the hashtag #StandingRockSyllabus on Facebook, Twitter, or other social media. Like those on frontlines, we are here for as long as it takes.
United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
The Declaration is a comprehensive statement of the rights of indigenous peoples, giving prominence to collective rights to a degree unprecedented in international human rights law. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Thursday September 13, 2007.
Water problems on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation, Congressional Hearing, 2004
Water problems on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation : hearing before the Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Eighth Congress, second session, on oversight hearing to received [i.e. receive] testimony on problems that have been experienced by the Standing Rock Sioux tribe and tribes situated along the Missouri River, November 18, 2004,
United States Army Corps of Engineers Digital Library
The materials in this repository include information by and about the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Most materials were published by USACE, but some collections contain materials by other government agencies written about USACE. All content is contributed by offices throughout USACE.
University of California,Berkeley Law: American Indian Law
This guide is designed to assist the scholar or student researching the law of the United States as it pertains to the American Indian. Although some of the included resources relate to American Indian tribal law, the focus of the guide is on US law, its doctrinal evolution, and related issues arising from the unique historical relationships of the federal and state governments to American Indian tribes.
International Indian Treaty Council
The International Indian Treaty Council (IITC) is an organization of Indigenous Peoples from North, Central, South America, the Caribbean and the Pacific working for the Sovereignty and Self Determination of Indigenous Peoples and the recognition and protection of Indigenous Rights, Treaties, Traditional Cultures and Sacred Lands.