Western Libraries

Environmental Law

John & Dotsa Bitove Family Law Library

Legal Citation

McGill Guide

Law 2HR Reserve

KF240 .C354 2018


Ontario e-Laws


The Ontario "e-laws" site contains current consolidations of most public statutes and their associated regulations, source law (annual statutes), historical versions of statutes with consolidated amendments, as well as selected constitutional and Imperial statutes. The site also provides links to the Ontario Gazette website as well as to bills on the legislative assembly website.

Environment and Climate Change Canada


Environment and Climate Change Canada's mandate is to:

  •     Preserve and enhance the quality of the natural environment, including water, air, soil, flora and fauna;
  •     Conserve Canada's renewable resources;
  •     Conserve and protect Canada's water resources;
  •     Forecast daily weather conditions and warnings, providing meteorological information to all of Canada;
  •     Enforce rules relating to boundary waters; and
  •     Coordinate environmental policies and programs for the federal government. (website)

Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change


The Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change protects and improves the quality of the environment and leads Ontario’s actions on climate change leading to healthier communities, ecological protection and economic prosperity for present and future generations. (website)

ELTO: Environment & Land Tribunals Ontario


ELTO is a group of five tribunals that resolve appeals, applications and other disputes, under some 100 statutes, in relation to land use planning, environmental and heritage protection, property assessment, land valuation and other matters.


Assessment Review Board (ARB)
The ARB’s primary role is adjudicating applications and appeals on property assessments, classifications and some types of property tax matters.

Board of Negotiation (BON)
The BON’s primary role is to negotiate compensation disputes of expropriated land.

Conservation Review Board (CRB)
The CRB’s primary role is to address matters dealing with the protection of cultural heritage properties.

Environmental Review Tribunal (ERT)
The ERT’s primary role is adjudicating applications and appeals under various environmental and planning statutes.

Ontario Municipal Board (OMB)
The OMB’s primary role is adjudicating applications and appeals under various land use planning statutes.

NEHO: Niagara Escarpment Hearing Office


The Niagara Escarpment Hearing Office administers hearings under the Niagara Escarpment Planning and Development Act involving the Niagara Escarpment Plan. Before a proposal reaches the hearing stage, there will have already been a significant review process and a decision by the Niagara Escarpment Commission evaluating the permit or amendment application. The Niagara Escarpment Hearing Office hears appeals and applications from decisions of the Niagara Escarpment Commission in two situations. A hearing may be held to hear an appeal of a Niagara Escarpment Commission decision on a development permit. A hearing may be held to hear an application to amend the Niagara Escarpment Plan.