Western Libraries

Intellectual Property

John & Dotsa Bitove Family Law Library

Legal Citation

McGill Guide

Law 2HR Reserve

KF240 .C354 2018


Canadian Intellectual Property Office (C.I.P.O.)


The Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO) is a Special Operating Agency associated with Industry Canada. The CIPO is responsible for the administration and processing of the greater part of intellectual property in Canada. CIPO's areas of activity include: patents; trade-marks; copyrights; industrial designs; and integrated circuit topographies. From the website users can search through a registry of copyrights dating back to 1991, a repository of patent descriptions and images dating back 75 years, a collection of active and inactive trade-marks, and the Canadian Industrial Designs Database Collection of more than 130,000 Industrial Designs, registered or inactive.

European Patent Office


The European Patent Office (EPO) offers inventors a uniform application procedure which enables them to seek patent protection in up to 40 European countries. Supervised by the Administrative Council, the Office is the executive arm of the European Patent Organisation.

The Office's core activity is the examination of patent applications and the grant of European patents.The European Patent Organisation is an intergovernmental organisation that was set up on 7 October 1977 on the basis of the European Patent Convention (EPC) signed in Munich in 1973. It has two bodies, the European Patent Office and the Administrative Council, which supervises the Office's activities. The Organisation currently has 38 member states.

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office


The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)  is the Federal agency for granting U.S. patents and registering trademarks. The USPTO registers trademarks based on the Commerce Clause of the Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause 3). The USPTO advises the President of the United States, the Secretary of Commerce, and U.S. Government agencies on intellectual property (IP) policy, protection, and enforcement; and promotes the stronger and more effective IP protection around the world. The website includes a patents and trademarks search, the Offical Gazette for Trademarks, and various patent and trademark manuals.